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Seneca

There are three varieties originating from the USA, named after the Roman philosopher Seneca (4-65), the teacher of Emperor Nero (37-68). These are new varieties:

Luglienga Bianca x Ontario

The white grape variety (also New York 10513 and NY 10513) is an interspecific new variety between Lignan Blanc(Luglienga Bianca) x Ontario. It contains genes from Vitis labrusca and Vitis vinifera. The hybrid was crossed in the USA in 1917. The early-ripening, frost-hardy variety is susceptible to powdery mildew; the berries have a foxtone. It was a cross between the two new varieties St. Croix, Vanessa and Vincent. The variety is widespread in the northeastern USA and Canada, where it is used as a wine press and table grape. However, no stocks were reported in 2010 (Kym Anderson).

Seneca - Weintraube und Blatt

Hartford O.P.

The red grape variety is an open flowered seedling of the Hartford variety. It contains at least genes from Vitis labrusca and Vitis vinifera. The hybrid was discovered and selected in 1867 by the private breeder R. Simpson. In 2010 no stock was reported (Kym Anderson).

Vitis labrusca x Vitis vinifera

The white grape variety (with reddish berries) is an interspecific cross between unknown varieties of the species Vitis labrusca x Vitis vinifera. The hybrid was discovered and selected in 1892 in the USA by the private breeder John Burr. In 2010 no stock was reported (Kym Anderson).

Pictures: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)

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