The Republic of Albania (alb. Shqipëria) on the Balkan Peninsula in south-eastern Europe with its capital Tirana covers 28,748 km². It borders Montenegro and Kosovo to the north, northern Macedonia to the east and Greece to the south. The western border is formed by the coasts of the Adriatic and Ionian Seas. The country is divided into 12 qarqe (regions), which in turn are divided into 61 bashkie (municipalities). About half of the country is mountainous with an altitude of over 600 m.
The area is considered one of the cradles of European viticulture. This goes back to the Phoenicians, Greeks and Romans. Cultivated viticulture existed in Illyria as early as the 8th century BC. Early Roman authors mention the introduction of a high-yielding Illyrian grape variety to Italy. Greek colonies were founded in the 7th century BC. Around 350 BC, an independent kingdom of Illyria was established. In the middle of the 2nd century BC, the kingdom was conquered by the Romans and became the province of Illyricum around 30 BC. From the end of the 4th century AD it then belonged to the Byzantine Empire for many centuries. From the beginning of the 16th century until independence in 1912, it was under Turkish rule. During this time, viticulture was insignificant due to the prohibition of alcohol.
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Weinberater, Weinblogger und Journalist; Schwendi