The area is considered in some sources to be one of the cradles of European viticulture. Viticulture dates back to the Phoenicians, Greeks and Romans. There was cultivated viticulture in Illyria as early as the 8th century BC. Early Roman authors mention the introduction of a high-yielding Illyrian grape variety to Italy. Greek colonies were founded in the 7th century BC. Around 350 BC, an independent kingdom of Illyria was established. In the middle of the 2nd century BC, the kingdom was conquered by the Romans and became the province of Illyricum around 30 BC. From the end of the 4th century AD it then belonged to the Byzantine Empire for many centuries. From the beginning of the 16th century until independence in 1912, it was under Turkish rule. During this time, viticulture was insignificant due to the prohibition of alcohol.