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The region formerly belonging to Yugoslavia and now to Serbia-Montenegro became an independent state through a referendum in 2006. The Montenegrin country name Crna Gora (Serbian) means "black mountain" and refers to the mountainous country from which the name Montenegro is derived. The small state on the Adriatic Sea covers almost 14,000 square kilometres and borders on Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia. The most important vineyards are located on terraced southern slopes on the shores of Lake Scutari. Important white wine varieties are Krstač, Smederevka(Dimyat), Ugni Blanc(Trebbiano Toscano) and Župljanka, important red wine varieties Vranac, Kratošija(Tribidrag), Kadarun and Zizak, as well as the international Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Grenache Noir(Garnacha Tinta) and Carignan Noir(Mazuelo). In 2012, the vineyard area covered 9,000 ha, of which 174,000 hl of wine were produced. A major producer near the capital Podgorica is called "Crnogorsko Vranac" after the national celebration of 13 July with the famous branded wine.

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