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The republic with the capital Podgorica is located on the south-eastern Adriatic coast in south-eastern Europe. After a referendum in 1992, Montenegro initially remained part of Yugoslavia and later Serbia-Montenegro. After a referendum in 2006, Montenegro became an independent state, which was also recognised by Serbia. The Montenegrin country name Crna Gora (Serbian) means "Black Mountain" and refers to the mountainous country from which the name Montenegro is derived. The small state covers just under 14,000 square kilometres and borders Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Croatia and Serbia. The most important vineyards are located on terraced southern slopes on the shores of Lake Scutari. Important white wine varieties are Krstač, Smederevka (Dimyat), Ugni Blanc (Trebbiano Toscano) and Župljanka, important red wine varieties are Vranac, Kratošija (Tribidrag), Kadarun and Zizak, as well as Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Grenache Noir (Garnacha Tinta) and Carignan Noir (Mazuelo). The vineyard area covers 9,000 hectares, the wine production volume around 160,000 hectolitres. A major producer is called "Crnogorsko Vranac" after the national holiday of 13 July with its well-known brand wine.

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