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Yugoslavia

The former Yugoslavia is one of the oldest wine producing countries in Europe. The Phoenicians already brought vines from their ancestral land (today's Lebanon) and from their colonies in Cyprus and Crete around 1,200 BC and planted them on the Dalmatian Adriatic coast. Greek colonists cultivated vines from the 7th century BC on the Istrian and Dalmatian coast near Trogir and on some (now Croatian) islands such as Korčula, Hvar and Vis. When the Romans conquered the area in the 2nd century A.D., they already found an extensive wine culture and developed it further. Emperor Probus, who came from Illyria (today Croatia), promoted viticulture. Around 1,000 AD Venice conquered the coastal area. In the 14th century, large parts of the former Yugoslavia came under Turkish rule for centuries and the Islamic ban on alcohol severely impaired viticulture. Many vineyards had to be abandoned for religious reasons and were destroyed by the phylloxera catastrophe in the 19th century.

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