DOC area for still, sparkling and semi-sparkling wines in the two Italian regions of Veneto (in the provinces of Belluno, Padova, Treviso, Venice and Vicenza) and Friuli Venezia Giulia (in the provinces of Gorizia, Pordenone, Trieste and Udine). Prosecco was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 2019 in the category "Cultural Landscape". The large area covers a total of 20,000 hectares of vineyards. Antonio Carpenè (1838-1902) is considered the founder of the Prosecco sparkling wine in the 19th century. The former IGT area was highly qualified in 2009. At the same time the former DOC area Conegliano-Valdobbiadene was upgraded to the DOCG area Conegliano-Valdobbiadene Prosecco. The previously used grape variety name Prosecco is now protected by EU law as a designation of origin only and no longer as a variety name. The grape variety Prosecco (Prosecco Tondo) is now called Glera, the grape variety Prosecco Lungo is now called Glera Lunga.
Prosecco = sparkling wine (sparkling wine) - this has always been wrongly assumed by many consumers. But it is also used to make still wine. The part of the name "secco" also has nothing to do with the Italian term for "dry". The far-reaching change adopted by the Ministry of Agriculture in 2009 was aimed at restoring the battered image of the numerous frizzante and spumante marketed as Prosecco. This put an end to years of flooding of discount prosecco bottled in Germany at dumping prices. It also removed the confusion that products outside the Prosecco sector from other parts of Italy were also marketed as Prosecco.
The wines are made from at least 85% Glera (formerly Prosecco) and a maximum of 15% in any use of Bianchetta Trevigiana, Chardonnay, Glera Lunga (formerly Prosecco Lunga), Perera, Pinot Bianco(Pinot Blanc), Pinot Grigio(Pinot Gris), Verdiso and white pressed Pinot Nero(Pinot Noir). There are the wine types Prosecco (Tranquillo = still wine), Prosecco Frizzante and Prosecco Spumante. The Spumante is produced in the flavours brut, extra dry, dry and demi-sec. Spumante produced with Metodo classico must bear the text "rifermentazione in bottiglia"(bottle fermentation) on the label.
Where the grapes originate, are processed and bottled in the Province of Treviso, 'Provincia di Treviso' or 'Treviso' may be indicated. Bottling is now only permitted in white or green glass bottles, the marketing in cans which used to be common practice for supermarkets is prohibited (within the EU this would also be possible for quality wines). The sparkling wines, which are mostly produced according to the Méthode charmat (tank fermentation), are with about 30 million bottles per year the second most produced sparkling wines in Italy after the Asti Spumante in Piedmont.
Picture: Consorzio Prosecco