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One of the most important criteria for the quality and distinctiveness of a wine is the controlled geographical origin of the grapes from which it is made. The "controlled" means that the corresponding wine law requirements are also regularly and strictly checked. The most important reason is to protect against wine adulteration. Even in ancient times, it was customary to name wines according to their origin. The oldest European designations of origin include the area defined for Chianti in 1716 and the borders defined for port wine in 1756. However, the great pioneer of a nationwide system was France, where an appellation system (Appellation d'Origine Protégée) was adopted after the end of the First World War. This established a locally defined and controlled origin and production methods for agricultural products. Under the sovereignty of the INAO (Institut National des Appellations d'Origine), the rules for viticulture were perfected after the Second World War.

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The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,343 Keywords · 46,933 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,677 Pronunciations · 199,071 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon