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Term (also wine grape) for those grapes from vines that are used for the production of wine or spirits such as brandy(Armagnac, Cognac, Metaxa etc.) and even vodka (together around 85% worldwide). Other groups include table gra pes (table grapes) and sultanas. There are around 8,000 to 10,000 different grape varieties worldwide, whereby the morphology such as leaf shape, grape shape (shouldered wedge shape, unshouldered cylindrical shape), texture and colour of the berries are characteristic of the respective variety. The vine develops the grape cluster during the annual vegetation cycle. As a rule, the grapes are harvested when they are as physiologically ripe as possible. For Prädikat wines such as Spätlese, Beerenauslese, Trockenbeerenauslese or Eiswein, this takes place much later because a special grape condition is required. In Austria and Germany in particular, a certain degree of sugar in the grapes during harvesting is an important criterion for the subsequent wine quality level (see must weight).

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The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,382 Keywords · 46,989 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,716 Pronunciations · 202,680 Cross-references
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