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Denomination (also known as wine grape) for those grapes from vines that are used to produce wine or spirits such as brandy(Armagnac, Cognac, Metaxa etc.) and even vodka (together around 85% worldwide). Other groups are table grapes (table grapes) and raisins intended for consumption. There are about 8,000 to 10,000 different grape varieties worldwide, whereby the morphology(leaf shape as well as size, texture and colour of the grapes or berries) is characteristic of the respective variety. The grapevine develops the grape during the annual vegetation cycle. As a rule, the grape harvest takes place at the best possible physiological ripeness. For predicate wine types such as Spätlese, Beerenauslese, Trockenbeerenauslese or Eiswein, this occurs much later because a special grape condition is required for this. Especially in Austria and Germany, a certain sugar level of the grapes at harvest is an important criterion for the later wine quality level (see must weight).

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