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Science (Greek oikos = house, science of the household, eco = environment) of the complex and reciprocal relationship of all living beings (humans, animals and plants) to their environment as a branch of biology (science of living nature and the laws governing the course of animal, plant and human life). In more comprehensive terms, ecology is the study of the overall balance of nature. The terms ecology and biology are often confused or equated and interpreted differently. One description of the difference is: organic means that no chemicals have been used in cultivation, and ecological means that the environment has also been protected or even promoted .

Conventional agrochemistry

Until the 1950s, it was common practice worldwide to use chemical agents on a massive scale in the fight against pests because little was known about the negative effects. Climate change also contributes to negative developments. The conventional agrochemical industry of today, with its large-scale use of synthetic fertilisers and pesticides to combat pests such as insects, weeds and microorganisms, has come under increasing criticism since the 1980s and is seen as incompatible with sustainability and organic farming. However, a radical rejection of these practices is hardly realistic in the short term due to crop failures. The targeted and well-dosed use of modern agrochemicals can help to combat crop failures and thus world hunger.

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Dr. Christa Hanten

For my many years of work as an editor with a wine and culinary focus, I always like to inform myself about special questions at Wine lexicon. Spontaneous reading and following links often leads to exciting discoveries in the wide world of wine.

Dr. Christa Hanten
Fachjournalistin, Lektorin und Verkosterin, Wien

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,386 Keywords · 46,992 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,720 Pronunciations · 203,030 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon