The red grape variety is an interspecific new variety between Bailey x Muscat d'Hamburg. It contains genes from Vitis labrusca, Vitis lincecumii and Vitis vinifera. The hybrid was crossed in 1927 by the breeder Zenbai Kawakami (1868-1944) in Niigata (Honshu) with the aim of creating a variety for the special climatic conditions in Japan. With the same parents, the less successful Muscat Bailey B was also created. This medium-ripening vine is resistant to both types of mildew and botrytis. It produces fruity red wines with soft tannins and is also used as a table grape. In 2010, the area under cultivation was 19 hectares in Brazil and 103 hectares in Japan (Kym Anderson statistics).
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012
Pictures: Ursula Brühl, Doris Schneider, Julius Kühn Institute (JKI)