The red grape variety originates from the Balkans. There are about 150 synonyms, which indicates a great age and a wide distribution of this vine. The most important ones grouped alphabetically by country are Kallmet(Albania); Gamza, Gamza de Varna, Gumza, Gymza, Varnenska Gimza (Bulgaria); Bleu de Hongrie, Kadarka Noir, Raisin Turc, Skutariner Noir (France); Branicevka, Gomza, Skadarka (Croatia); Blue Kadarka, Blue Hungarian, Noble Hungarian Grape, Ruby Red Kadarka, Black Blue Tokay, Black Kadarka, Black Mosler, Black Skutariner (Austria); Cadarcă, Cadarcă Neagră, Cadarcă de Miniș, Lugojana (Romania); Skadarka, Skadarka Crna (Serbia); Fekete Budai, Kadarka Kék, Ludtalpu Törökszölö, Törökbuza Szölö, Törökszölö(Hungary). The parentage (parentage) is unknown. The synonym Skadarka could refer to Skadarsko, a lake situated between Montenegro and Albania. Likewise, it could have come from Hungary to Bulgaria, where it is considered an autochthonous variety under Gamza. It could also have come from Romania, where a sweet wine made from Cadarca grapes was mentioned as early as 1744, from Turkey (Törökszölö = "Turkish grape"), Serbia or Croatia.