The white grape variety originates from the border region of Slovenia and Italy. Synonyms are Dolcin, Vitouska and Vituska. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2007, it is probably a natural cross between Glera (Prosecco) x Malvasia Bianca Lunga (Malvasia del Chianti). It should not be confused with the Garganega or Vitovska Grganja varieties, despite the fact that it appears to have synonyms or morphological similarities. The medium-ripening vine is resistant to frost and summer drought. It produces straw-yellow, fine-acidic white wines with a wide range of aromas of hay, pears, quinces and lemons with storage potential, which are mostly vinified by variety.
The variety originates from the Slovenian Karst area in the Primorska region in the municipality of Sgónico and the neighbouring Friulian Duino-Aurisina. Nearly extinct, it was successfully reactivated in the 1980s by the winegrowers Edi Kante and Benjamin Zidarich, who used vines from Friuli, where it is permitted in the Carso DOC area. In 2010, however, no Bestamd has yet been registered in Slovenia. In Italy, on the other hand, 50 hectares have been registered, but it is possible that Vitovska Grganja vines are also included.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012