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The white grape variety originates from the border region of Slovenia and Italy. Synonyms are Dolcin, Gargania, Vitouska and Vituska. According to DNA analyses carried out in 2020, it is a presumably natural cross between Glera (Prosecco) x Malvasia Bianca Lunga (Malvasia del Chianti). It must not be confused with the varieties Garganega or Vitovska Grganja, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological similarities. The medium-maturing vine is resistant to frost and summer drought. It produces straw-yellow, finely acidic white wines with diverse aromas of hay, pears, quinces and lemons with storage potential, which are mostly vinified as single varietals. The variety originates from the Slovenian karst area in the Primorska region in the municipality of Sgónico and the neighbouring Friulian Duino-Aurisina. Almost extinct, it was successfully reactivated in the 1980s by winemakers Edi Kante and Benjamin Zidarich, using vines from Friuli, where it is permitted in the Carso DOC area. In 2016, however, only one Berstand was designated in Italy with 51 hectares (Kym Anderson)

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