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Tinaja

Spanish name (also Tanella, Tenalla, Tenaxa, Tinajón) for a large clay or earthenware vessel with a volume of up to several thousand litres, which has developed from the amphora. There are different variants and sizes in slim, bulbous and roundish shapes, as well as with and without handles. In former times it was also a hollow measure for liquids especially for the trade with coconut oil and liquid indigo. The vessel is still used to some extent today, especially in La Mancha (where it is considered a symbol of the region), Montilla-Moriles and Valdepeñas, for the fermentation and storage of wine, as well as oil and cereals, but also for the preservation of meat. Very similar vessels are Dolium (Roman), Kvevri (Georgian), Pithos (Greek) and Talha (Portuguese, here also with the names Jarro, Pote and Tinha). See also under wine vessels.

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