You are using an old browser that may not function as expected. For a better, safer browsing experience, please upgrade your browser.

Log in Become a Member


Latin name for the clay vessel (plural dolia) similar to an amphora, with a capacity of up to several thousand litres, used by the Romans as a fermentation and storage container for wine. These were also dug into the ground. The picture below left shows a find in Villa Fanninus, named after the owner, in the village of Boscoreale at the foot of Vesuvius. In addition, a wine press and a large fermentation yard were also found, where these clay barrels were embedded in the ground. This villa was preserved during the volcanic eruption that completely destroyed Pompeii in 79. The picture on the right shows a find from the city of Ostia, the port city of ancient Rome at the mouth of the Tiber. When the Romans learned about the wooden barrel from the Celts and did not know a corresponding word for it, they translated dolium for barrel. Similar vessels are kvevri (Georgian), pithos (Greek), talha (Portuguese) and tinaja (Spanish). See also under wine vessels.

Voices of our members

Prof. Dr. Walter Kutscher

In the past, you needed a wealth of encyclopaedias and specialist literature to keep up to date in your vinophile professional life. Today, Wine lexicon from wein.plus is one of my best helpers and can rightly be called the "bible of wine knowledge".

Prof. Dr. Walter Kutscher
Lehrgangsleiter Sommelierausbildung WIFI-Wien

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

25,988 Keywords · 46,819 Synonyms · 5,324 Translations · 31,322 Pronunciations · 183,248 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon