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Latin name for the amphore-like vessel (plural Dolia) made of clay with a capacity of up to several thousand litres, which was used by the Romans as a fermentation and storage container for wine. These were also buried in the ground. The picture below left shows a find in the Villa Fanninus, named after the owner, in the village of Boscoreale at the foot of Vesuvius. In addition, a wine press plant and a large fermentation yard were also found, in which these clay barrels were embedded in the ground. This villa was, so to speak, preserved during the volcanic eruption in 79, during which Pompeii was completely destroyed. The picture on the right shows a find from the city of Ostia, the port city of ancient Rome at the mouth of the Tiber. When the Celts introduced the wooden barrel to the Romans and they did not know a word for it, they translated dolium for barrel. Similar vessels are Kvevri (Georgian), Pithos (Greek), Talha (Portuguese) and Tinaja (Spanish). See also under wine vessels.

Dolium-Funde in Boscoreale und Ostia
Picture left: From AlMare - Own workCC BY-SA 3.0, Link
Picture right: From AlMare - Own Plant, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link

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