Greek term for a large, thick-walled and bulbous vessel (plural pithoi) made of stoneware or clay. It was similar to an amphora, but compared to this it usually had a flat bottom so that it could be stored upright. It was as high as a man and had eyelets on the upper side through which ropes could be pulled for transport. In ancient Greece, especially in the Aegean cultural area, it was used as a storage and transport container for grain, honey, olive oil, salt and wine. The surface was smooth or structurally designed with band patterns in beige, sand, brown and rotochrome. In a cellar in Zagora on the Cyclades island of Andros 47 pithoi for wine were found. In addition, it was also used for burial of the dead. The philosopher Diogenes (410-323 B.C.) is said to have lived in a pithos for a time. Similar vessels are Dolium (Roman), Kvevri (Georgian), Talha (Portuguese) and Tinaja (Spanish). See also under wine vessels.