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Japanese rice vinegar; see under vinegar.

A sour-tasting seasoning and preservative that has been around as long as wine. If not prevented, it always turns into vinegar in the end. It was used as a drink in ancient times, mixed with other ingredients. Hippocrates (460-377 BC) recorded its medicinal use for respiratory diseases and digestive complaints. The Roman author Columella (1st century) reports on the production of vinegar from figs, barley and wine in his work "De re rustica". Vinegar has played a role in many cultures.

Essig - Herstellung im Mittelalter Trinkessig und Weißweinessig mit Oregano

The Bible mentions vinegar as a staple food, the Egyptians had "hequa" (vinegar drink made from barley beer), the Babylonians used vinegar water as a refreshing drink, the Phoenicians made sour shekar from cider, the Greeks used it in sacrificial ceremonies, the Roman legionaries protected themselves from colds with posca (vinegar water) and in Japan, a raw egg is dissolved in traditional tamago-su (rice vinegar). In the Middle Ages, herbal vinegar was considered a remedy, as reported by Hildegard von Bingen (1098-1179) and Nostradamus. Plague vinegar was used against this plague.

Cause of vinegar formation

The causes of its formation were unknown until the middle of the 19th century. The French chemist Antoine Laurent de Lavoisier (1743-1794) claimed in 1793 that this was an oxidative process. The German botanist...

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