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Japanese rice vinegar; see under vinegar.

A sour tasting seasoning and preservative that has been around as long as wine. If you do not prevent it, it will always turn into vinegar in the end. This was already used as a drink in ancient times, mixed with other ingredients. A medical application for respiratory and digestive disorders has been handed down by Hippocrates (460-377 BC). The Roman author Columella (1st century) reports in his work "De re rustica" about the vinegar production from figs, barley and wine. Vinegar has played a role in many cultures. In the Bible vinegar is mentioned as a staple food, the Egyptians had "hequa" (vinegar drink made from barley beer), the Babylonians used vinegar water as a refreshing drink, the Phoenicians made their sour shekar from cider, the Greeks used it in sacrificial ceremonies, the Roman legionaries protected themselves from colds with the Posca (vinegar water) and in Japan the traditional Tamago-Su (rice vinegar) is known, in which a raw egg is dissolved. In the Middle Ages, herbal vinegar was considered a remedy, Hildegard von Bingen (1098-1179) and Nostradamus report on this. The plague vinegar was used against this epidemic.

Essig - Herstellung im Mittelalter Trinkessig und Weißweinessig mit Oregano

The causes of its creation were unknown until the middle of the 19th century. The French chemist Antoine Laurent de Lavoisier (1743-1794) claimed in 1793 that this was an oxidative...

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