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The Roman writer Lucius Junius Moderatus Columella (+70) was born in Gades (Cádiz) in present-day Spain, probably around the turn of the century. But relatively little is known about the exact dates and also about his life. He served as an officer of the Roman army in Syria. Columella is regarded as one of the most important Roman authors on viticulture. He was a contemporary of Pliny the Elder (23-79 AD), who also wrote about viticulture. Whether they knew each other and influenced each other is not known. His most famous work "De re rustica" (of rural affairs) he wrote at an already higher age 60 to 65 AD and titled it exactly the same as the work of the Carthaginian Mago (around 500 BC), whom he also quotes in detail. Furthermore, he also quotes Vergil (70-19 B.C.), whom he adores, with his work "Georgica". Columella's work is published until the 16th century. The author Petrus de Crescentiis (1230/1233-1320/1321) devoted himself to the same topic in the late Middle Ages and took Columella's book structure as a model.

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