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Columella

The Roman writer Lucius Junius Moderatus Columella (+70) was born in Gades (Cádiz) in present-day Spain, probably around the turn of the century. However, relatively little is known about the exact dates and also about his life. He served as an officer in the Roman army in Syria. Columella is considered one of the most important Roman authors on viticulture. He was a contemporary of Pliny the Elder (23-79 AD), who also wrote about viticulture, but whether they knew or influenced each other is not known. He wrote his most famous work "De re rustica" (of rural affairs) at an already older age 60 to 65 AD and titled it exactly like the work of the Carthaginian Mago (around 500 BC), whom he also quotes extensively. Furthermore, he also quotes Vergil (70-19 BC), whom he admired, with his work "Georgica". Columella's work was published until the 16th century. The author Petrus de Crescentiis (1230/1233-1320/1321) devoted himself to the same subject in the late Middle Ages and took Columella's book structure as his model.

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