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The historical landscape at the lower course of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers in the south of present-day Iraq is considered one of the cradles of viticulture and wine culture. Around 4000 BC, the area was settled by the Sumerians and was subsequently divided into numerous city states. These were, for example, the cities of Haran, Cush, Ur (according to the A. T. of the Bible, the home of Abraham) and Uruk. The latter was ruled over by the legendary Sumerian king Gilgamesh, presumably in the period between 2750 and 2600 B.C. Under the famous king Hammurabi (1728-1686 B.C.), it reached its greatest expansion with the capital Babylon and encompassed almost all of Mesopotamia. In the 13th century BC, Babylonia fell to Assyria. The city of Babylon was completely destroyed in 689 BC by the Assyrian king Sanherib (705-681 BC), who made Nineveh the capital. The Babylonian king Nabupolossar (626-605 BC) overthrew the Assyrians' rule and probably had the Tower of Babel built. Under his rule, the Neo-Baylonian Empire was founded.

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Dr. Christa Hanten

For my many years of work as an editor with a wine and culinary focus, I always like to inform myself about special questions at Wine lexicon. Spontaneous reading and following links often leads to exciting discoveries in the wide world of wine.

Dr. Christa Hanten
Fachjournalistin, Lektorin und Verkosterin, Wien

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

25,901 Keywords · 46,872 Synonyms · 5,330 Translations · 31,238 Pronunciations · 179,629 Cross-references
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