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The historical landscape at the lower course of the Euphrates and Tigris rivers in the south of present-day Iraq is considered one of the cradles of viticulture and wine culture. Around 4000 BC, the area was settled by the Sumerians and was subsequently divided into numerous city states. These were, for example, the cities of Haran, Cush, Ur (according to the A. T. of the Bible, the home of Abraham) and Uruk. The latter was ruled over by the legendary Sumerian king Gilgamesh, presumably in the period between 2750 and 2600 B.C. Under the famous king Hammurabi (1728-1686 B.C.), it reached its greatest expansion with the capital Babylon and encompassed almost all of Mesopotamia. In the 13th century BC, Babylonia fell to Assyria. The city of Babylon was completely destroyed in 689 BC by the Assyrian king Sanherib (705-681 BC), who made Nineveh the capital. The Babylonian king Nabupolossar (626-605 BC) overthrew the Assyrians' rule and probably had the Tower of Babel built. Under his rule, the Neo-Baylonian Empire was founded.

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Dominik Trick

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Dominik Trick
Technischer Lehrer, staatl. geprüfter Sommelier, Hotelfachschule Heidelberg

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,079 Keywords · 46,827 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,413 Pronunciations · 187,033 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon