The Greek physician Hippocrates (460-377 B.C.) was born on the island of Kos in the Eastern Aegean and is referred to as the father of medicine. The "Hippocratic Oath" still defines the moral and ethical duties of the doctor today. Wine plays an important role in almost all the medicines he handed down. In his work "Corpus Hippocraticum" the health aspects of wine consumption are pointed out in the form of therapeutic recommendations using numerous examples. Among other things, he prescribed wine to cool down fever, as a general germicide, as a diuretic and as a strengthening for convalescents. Hippocrates gave detailed information and recommended certain wines according to the suffering or even advised against drinking them at all.