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South America

Viticulture in this continent was not established until the arrival of the Portuguese and Spanish conquistadores at the beginning of the 16th century (see also the historical background under the heading New World). However, colonisation and thus the introduction of viticulture to the double continent began in Central America. When the Spaniard Hernando Cortez (1485-1547) arrived in Mexico in 1519, he found native grape varieties, but the Aztecs were unfamiliar with making wine from them. The first European vines were probably planted by Cortez. Mostly, however, the year 1540 is mentioned, when the historical Misión (Listán Prieto, in South America Criolla Chica, País etc.) was introduced by Spanish Franciscan fathers. This variety and its many descendants are counted among the large group of Criollas.

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