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South America

The subcontinent of South America comprises 13 countries with 17,843,000 km², which corresponds to 12% of the earth's land area and has 441 million inhabitants. These countries are Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador (including the Galapagos archipelago), French Guiana, Guyana, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay and Venezuela.

Südamerika - Landkarte


Viticulture was established here from the arrival of the Portuguese and Spanish conquistadores at the beginning of the 16th century (for historical background, see America, New World and USA). However, colonisation and the introduction of viticulture began in Central America. Although the Spaniard Hernando Cortez (1485-1547) found indigenous grape varieties in Mexico in 1519, the Aztecs were not familiar with making wine from them.

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Roman Horvath MW

wein.plus is a handy, efficient guide to a quick overview of the colourful world of wines, winegrowers and grape varieties. In Wine lexicon, the most comprehensive of its kind in the world, you will find around 26,000 keywords on the subject of grape varieties, wineries, wine-growing regions and much more.

Roman Horvath MW
Domäne Wachau (Wachau)

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,385 Keywords · 46,992 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,719 Pronunciations · 202,891 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon