The red grape variety (also Elmer Swenson 2-1-9, ES 2-1-9) is an interspecific new variety between Elmer Swenson 283 (E. S. 114 x Seyval Blanc) x Elmer Swenson 193 (Minnesota 78 x Seneca). It was called ES 2-1-9 for a long time and was named after the community of Sainte-Anne-de-Sabrevois in Quebec-Canada only in 2001. It contains genes from Vitis labrusca, Vitis lincecumii, Vitis riparia, Vitis rupestris and Vitis vinifera. The hybrid was crossed in 1983 in the USA by the breeder Elmer Swenson (1913-2004) near Osceola (state of Wisconsin). By the way, the new breed St. Croix was created with the same parents. The rather low-yielding vine is resistant to frost down to minus 35 °Celsius and also to vine diseases in general. It produces deep dark, fruity red wines with rather weak tannins. The variety is grown in the province of Quebec in Canada (13 ha) and in the US states of Minnesota and Wisconsin (13 ha). In 2016, a total of 26 hectares of vineyards were designated (Kym Anderson).
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