The red grape variety is a new breeding between Shiroka Melnishka x Valdiguié. Synonyms are Early Melnik, Melnik 55, Melnishka Ranna and Ranna Melnishka. The crossing was made in Bulgaria in 1963 by the breeder Yane Atanasov. A seed mixture of the three varieties Durif, Jurançon and Valdiguié was used in the breeding (and also indicated so in the breeding list), but DNA analyses carried out in 2005 determined the definitive paternity of Valdiguié. It is often confused with the mother variety. The new breed Melnik 82 was created with the same parents. The medium-maturing vine is susceptible to both types of mildew, but relatively resistant to botrytis. It produces spicy red wines with sour cherry aroma and ageing potential. The variety is cultivated in the southwest and occupied a total of 249 hectares in 2010.
Source: Wine Grapes / J. Robinson, J. Harding, J. Vouillamoz / Penguin Books Ltd. 2012