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Nibiol

Synonym (also Nibio) for the grape variety Nebbiolo; see there.

The red grape variety originates from Italy. The approximately 100 synonyms testify above all to its great age and widespread distribution in Italy, but also in many other countries. The most important are numerous names with Nebbiolo and an additional part of the name, such as Nebbiolo del Piemonte, Bruneta, Chiavennasca, Farinella, Lampia, Marchesana, Martesana, Michet, Nibio, Nibiol, Nubiola, Nubiolum, Picotender, Picotendre, Picotendro, Picotèner, Picotenero, Picoutendro, Picoutendro Maschio, Picoutener, Picutener, Poctener, Pruinè, Pugnet, Prunent, Rossetto, Spana, Spana Commune, Spanna, Spanna Grossa and Tandis. It must not be confused with the varieties Chatus (Nebbiolo di Dronero, Nebbiolo Pairolè), Croatina (Nebbiolo di Gattinara), Dolcetto (Nebbiolo), Freisa or Nebbiolo Rosé, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological or name similarities. The white variety Arneis (with synonym Nebbiolo Bianco) is not a colour mutation (or vice versa). There are four different Nebbiolo varieties/clones:

  • Nebbiolo Bolla - once very common, declining trend
  • Nebbiolo Lampia - most widespread
  • Nebbiolo Michet - Nebbiolo Lampia modified by GFLV virus (brushwood disease)
  • Nebbiolo Rosé - morphologically very different; a direct descendant

According to DNA analyses carried out in 2004, the first three have proven to be genetically identical. In Nebbiolo Rosé, however, there...

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