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The red grape variety originates from Italy. The name means "little sweet" and refers to the sweet, somewhat low-acid grapes. Synonyms are Acqui, Bathiolin, Bourdon Noir, Charbonneau, Chasselas Noir, Crete de Coq, Dolcetta Nera, Dolcetto a Raspo Rosso, Dolcetto a Raspe Verde, Dolcetto Crni, Dolcetto Nero, Dolcetto Piemontese, Dolchetto, Dolcino, Dolcino Nero, Gros Plant, Mauvais Noir, Nibièu, Nibiò, Ocanette, Ormeasco, Picot Rouge, Plant de Chapareillan, Plant de Montmélian, Plant de Turin, Primaticcio, Primativo, Promotico, Ravanellino, Refošk Dibeli, Red Stem Dolcedo, Uva d'Acqui, Uva del Monferrato, Uva di Ovada and Uva di Roccagrimalda. The Marchese di Clavesana is said to have issued an edict in 1303 forbidding the planting of anything other than Dolcetto in his dominion under pain of death. The first mention of it was in Dogliani in the province of Cuneo in Piedmont in 1593. In a decree, it was forbidden to harvest the Dozzeti variety before St Matthew's Day (21 September). It was described by a Conte Nuvolone in 1798 under Dosset.

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