French term for the press residues, but also for the pomace spirit obtained from them by distillation. The name is derived from "marcher", which means "crushing" a fruit in order to extract sweet components. The origin is added to the term. The predominant quantity is produced as "Marc de Champagne" in Champagne. As with champagne, only the varieties Pinot Noir, Pinot Meunier and Chardonnay are used. It is also used to flavour truffle pralines (truffles) and the coffee speciality Canard. Other brands include Marc d'Alsac, Marc d'Aquitaine, Marc de Beaujolauis, Marc de Bourgogne, Marc de Chardonnay, Marc de Franche-Comté, Marc de Lorraine, Marc des Côteaux de la Loire, Marc de Savoie, Marc du Bugey, Marc du Centre-Est and Marc du Jura. With the addition of the indication of origin, the names are protected and reserved for France and Luxembourg. However, the name "Marc" alone is not protected and can be used in other countries.
If the Marc is obtained from the residues of a single grape variety, so to speak, it can be called Eau-de-vie de Marc (for example "Eau-de-vie de marc de Bourgogne"). It undergoes a double distillation and then matures for two to five years in barrels of different types of wood, which also results in different aromas and colours from straw yellow to amber. It is often drunk as a digestif. The largest distillery in France is the Jean Goyard company, which buys all the marc from the winemaking of the entire region and distils it in steam-heated containers known as calandre. Many champagne houses take the distilled product and market the finished Marc under their own name. The liqueur wine Macvin du Jura is made by adding Marc to grape must. In Champagne, however, "Marc" also refers to the quantity of 4,000 kg of grapes. The Italian counterpart to Marc is grappa.
Complete lists of the numerous vinification measures or cellar techniques, as well as the various types of wine, sparkling wine and distillate regulated by wine law are included under the keyword vinification. Comprehensive information on wine law can be found under the keyword wine law.