The red grape variety comes from Italy. Synonyms are Arvino, Catanzarese, Gaddrica, Greco Nero, Guarnaccia Nera, Lacrima, Lacrima Cristi Nera, Magliocco, Magliocco Tondo, Maglioccuni, Mangiaguerra, Mantonico Nero, Marcigliana, Marsigliana Nera, Merigallo, Nera di Scilla and Petroniere. Arvino probably points to the place of origin Lago Arvo in the province of Cosenza. Although it appears to have synonyms or morphological similarities, it should not be confused with the Castiglione, Gaglioppo (Magliocco Tondo), Magliocco Canino, Nerello Mascalese or Nocera varieties. DNA analyses carried out in 2008 revealed that the Marsigliana Nera, which until then had been considered independent, was identical.
The vine produces tannin-rich red wines. It is mainly cultivated in Calabria, where it is permitted in the DOC wines Lamezia, Scavigna and Terre di Cosenza. The fact that Magliocco and Gaglioppo are equated with each other, or often only Magliocco is mentioned in DOC regulations, adds to the confusion. In 2010, 87 hectares of vineyards were designated in Italy, with a sharp downward trend (ten years earlier the figure was 243 hectares).