The red grape variety originates from Italy. Synonyms are Arvino, Catanzarese, Gaddrica, Greco Nero (there is also an independent variety of this name with which it shares some synonyms), Guarnaccia Nera, Lacrima, Lacrima Cristi Nera, Magliocco, Magliocco Tondo, Maglioccuni, Mangiaguerra, Mantonico Nero, Marcigliana, Marsigliana Nera, Merigallo, Nera di Scilla, Petroniere and Uva Greca. Arvino probably indicates the place of origin, Lago Arvo, in the province of Cosenza. Despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological similarities, it must not be confused with the varieties Castiglione, Gaglioppo (Magliocco Tondo), Magliocco Canino, Mangiaguerra, Nerello Mascalese or Nocera. The vine produces tannin-rich red wines. It is mainly grown in Calabria, where it is permitted in the DOC wines Lamezia, Scavigna and Terre di Cosenza. Adding to the confusion, the DOC regulations often state only Magliocco. In 2016, 51 hectares of vines were designated, with a strong downward trend (Kym Anderson statistics).
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