The red grape variety comes from Italy. Synonyms are Magliocco Ovale, Maglioccolone and Magliuacculu. Despite apparently indicative synonyms or morphological similarities, it should not be confused with the independent varieties Castiglione, Gaglioppo, Magliocco Dolce, Nerello Mascalese or Nocera. The name "Magliocco" was already mentioned at the end of the 15th century, but several grape varieties were designated with it. DNA analyses carried out in 2009 revealed that there are only two (related) Magliocco varieties, namely Canino and Dolce. Magliocco Canino has a parent-offspring relationship with the Calabrese di Montenuovo variety (a Sangiovese parent).
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