The federal state of Lower Austria with the capital St. Pölten is located in the east of Austria. With an area of around 19,200 km² it is the largest federal state. It encloses the Austrian federal capital ViennaIt borders the Czech Republic to the north, Slovakia to the northeast, Burgenland to the southeast, Styria to the south and Upper Austria to the west.
Even before the soldiers of Emperor Marcus Aurelius Probus (232-282) brought wine presses to the Danube, the indigenous people pressed the so-called Markomannen wine. Viticulture was strongly influenced by Vienna, the monastery of Klosterneuburg, and the monasteries of Göttweig in the Kremstal and Melk in the Wachau, which were founded by the Benedictines. These were centres of spiritual and cultural life and also strongholds of exemplary wine culture. The former Dinstlgut in Loiben (Wachau), whose origins date back to the 9th century, also had a great influence. The noble family of the Liechtenstein family was founded in the 13th century. They acquired large areas of vineyard and introduced advanced winegrowing methods. In 1636 a cellar regulation was issued, in which among other things the "Zuberaithung von Schwebl" (sulphur) was precisely regulated. The Hofkellerei Foundation Prince Liechtenstein Winery still exists today.