One of the eight specific wine-growing areas in the Austrian province or generic wine-growing region of Lower Austria. The area to the west of Wien was named after the 153-kilometre-long Kamp River, which flows through it from Schönberg in the north to Hadersdorf in the south and flows into the Danube near Krems. There is evidence of viticulture here at least since the early Middle Ages. Until 1993, the two wine-growing regions of Kamptal and Kremstal, which are now independent, were united under the name Kamptal-Donauland. The predominant soil types are loam, loess and primary rock. The climate is characterised by hot, Pannonian influences as well as cool currents from the Waldviertel. Precipitation is rather low; there is often fog in spring, autumn and winter.