One of the eight specific wine-growing areas in the Austrian province or generic wine-growing region of Lower Austria. It lies to the east adjacent to the Wachau. Named after the river, the Krems Valley stretches north and south of the Danube and includes the city of Krems, the areas further east and the small wine communities south of the Danube. It is a very old wine-growing region; vineyards of the diocese of Passau are attested for the Kremstal as early as 973. After the devastation of the migration of peoples, bishops from Salzburg and Bavaria had vineyards cultivated here from the 10th century onwards. More than 40 monasteries around the city of Krems were granted vineyards as a foundation until the 16th century.