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Gran Selezione

Italian wine quality level; see under Chianti-Classico.

DOCG area for red wine in the Italian region of Tuscany. This wine, which is one step above the "normal" Chianti, comes from the classic zone defined as early as 1716 by Grand Duke Cosimo III of the Medici family. (1642-1723), but at that time it was much smaller. In 1932, other areas or municipalities were added to complete the current area. The very densely wooded area covers 70,000 hectares, but only 7,000 hectares are used for viticulture. The suburbs of Florence form the border to the north, the Chianti mountains to the east, the rivers Pesa and Elsa to the west and Siena to the south. The round 70 kilometre long wine road "Via Chiantigiana" connects the two cities of Florence and Siena. The area includes in its entirety the municipalities of Castellina, Gaiole, Greve and Radda, and in part the municipalities of Barberino Val d'Elsa, Castelnuovo Berardenga, Poggibonsi, San Casciano and Tavarnelle Val di Pesa.

Chianti-Classico - Karte mit den Subzonen

The best sites are considered to be the middle altitudes south of Greve, north of Radda and Castellina, and from the slopes extending from Gaiole southwards to Castelnuovo towards the Arbia valley. Compared to the normal Chianti area, there are numerous hilly areas between 250 and 600 metres above sea level with dry and warm soils. The typical Chianti Classico soils are Galestro (loose calcareous marl) and Alberese (weathered sandstone), which do not get too wet even during heavy rainfall. The Galestro also gave its name to an IGT white wine. The trademark of the area and also of the association "Consorzio del Marchio Storico Chianti Classico" is Gallo nero (a black rooster), which goes back to a legend about the origin of the borders in the Chianti area. As with Chianti, there is also a DOC area Vin Santo del Chianti...

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