DOCG area for red wine in the Italian region of Tuscany. If you ask ten people for the most famous wine in Italy, you will probably get the answer "Chianti" from at least eight. The wine is named after the hilly landscape between Florence and Siena. The name is probably derived from the name of an Etruscan family. The first mention of a Chianti wine dates back to 1404, when a merchant from Prato named Francesco Datini bought a white wine in Vignamaggio. Originally, Chianti was only valid for the areas around Radda, Gaiole and Castellina in the province of Siena, in the south of the present Chianti Classico area. The feudal lords of the Chianti Federation owned vineyards there as early as the 13th century.