You are using an old browser that may not function as expected.
For a better, safer browsing experience, please upgrade your browser.

Log in Become a Member


The Italian noble family de' Medici (Mediceans) from Florence had its origins in merchants and bankers. They rose through skilful tactics and brutal intrigue from a wealthy but insignificant family to become one of the most influential Italian dynasties of the 15th and 16th centuries. Florence, under the Medici, became the centre of medieval European trade and finance and one of the most prosperous cities of the time. It is considered the cradle of the Renaissance. Inseparably linked with Tuscan history, the family promoted art, science and viticulture. Lorenzo I (1449-1492), known as "El Magnifico" (the Magnificent), is considered the founder of the ruling dynasty. He led the city to its highest economic and cultural prosperity. From the beginning of the 16th century Tuscany was united and in 1569 under Cosimo III. (1642-1723), it was elevated to a grand duchy by Pope Pius V (1504-1572).

Voices of our members

Sigi Hiss

There is a vast number of sources on the web where one can acquire knowledge about wine. But none has the scope, timeliness and accuracy of the information in the encyclopaedia at wein.plus. I use it regularly and rely on it.

Sigi Hiss
freier Autor und Weinberater (Fine, Vinum u.a.), Bad Krozingen

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,119 Keywords · 46,880 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,453 Pronunciations · 188,372 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon