The red grape variety originates from Germany. Synonyms are Arbst, Blauer Affenthaler, Elsässer Roth, Kleinroth, Petit Noir, Pineau Franc and Schwarzer Traminer. According to DNA analyses, it is identical to Pinot Noir (Spätburgunder) and is no longer considered a separate grape variety, although it is still listed separately in some wineries' grape variety lists. Despite the synonym, it is not related to the Affenthaler variety. Blauer Arbst used to be considered a mutation of Spätburgunder or Pinot Noir (and today "only" as a clonal mutant)), but this does not rule out an identical DNA profile. The vine is resistant to winter frost. It is less productive than Pinot Noir, has smaller grape berries and yields musts with more sugar and total extract. Blauer Arbst used to be widespread in the Baden growing region, but is now already threatened with extinction. The vine belongs to the group of Pinot varieties; see there.
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