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Pinot

There are many hypotheses about the origin of the Pinot vine. It is not possible to verify the origin of the ancient vine variety Allobrogica mentioned by Columella (1st half of the 1st century) and Pliny the Elder (23-79). There is no genetic or botanical evidence for the assumption that it came from Egypt via Greece to France. That Emperor Charlemagne (742-814) brought it to the Rhine and had Ingelheim (Rheinhessen) planted on his palatinate is not provable (but not impossible). There is no evidence that his great-grandson Charles III called the Fat One (839-888) had the variety planted in his "Königsweingarten" near Lake Constance in the year 884, as no variety names are mentioned in the document in question. And last but not least, the assumed origin Italy, based on the synonym Clevner, is also unlikely.

The area between Lake Geneva (Switzerland) and the Rhône Valley (France) is believed to be the original home of the Pinot vine. The Cistercian order brought it to the Rheingau in the Middle Ages and from here it spread throughout Europe. According to the most probable variant, the French term "Pinot" is derived from the elongated shape of the Pinot grapes, which are quite similar to the cone of a pine tree (French "pin"). However, the Pinot varieties are by no means a family, as this incorrectly associates different kinships. Rather, they are the result of mutations of a Pinot original variety. Clone mutants are also included, which are only "slightly" different from mutants. In any case, in the Middle Ages they were considered to be among the "nobler" Franconian varieties:

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