The red grape variety originates from Portugal. Since 2002, due to a lawsuit by the French wine lobby, the former name Touriga Francesca may no longer be used according to a court order. Synonyms are Albino de Souza, Esgana Cão Tinto, Rifete, Tinta Barca, Touriga Frances, Touriga Francesa and Tourigo Francês. It must not be confused with other Touriga varieties or Tinta da Barca, despite seemingly suggestive synonyms and morphological similarities. It is not a mutation of the white variety Sercial (Esgana Cão). According to DNA analyses carried out in 2011, it is a presumably natural cross Marufo x Touriga Nacional. The same parents also gave rise to the Tinta Barroca variety (which, however, is based on only 12 DNA markers; see Molecular genetics).
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