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Press House

Designation for a building in front of the actual wine cellar, which in former times was mostly built of unburned clay. Depending on the size, the pressing devices were located here, in former times mainly tree presses(torggel) with which the grapes were pressed during the grape harvest. From here, one reached the actual wine cellar, which was usually located lower down, called the cellar tube, and was dug into the slope, which was mostly made of loess or clay. The grape must was transferred from the pressing house to the wine cellar where fermentation took place. The pressing houses, which were often located next to each other, were or are mostly outside the wine-growing community and give the typical picture of a cellar lane. See also the section on wine-growing customs.

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