Commonly used term for the place where wine is usually stored in bottles or other containers. In the original sense, it refers to an underground space, but the term also applies to a ground-level arrangement. A winery, on the other hand, is usually a production facility that, unlike an independent winery, does not have its own vineyards and processes grapes delivered by grape producers, as is the case, for example, with winegrowers' cooperatives or other processing associations. Likewise, however, Kellerei is also used to refer to a wine shop (Vinothek). The old wine cellars dug below the level were usually located next to each other outside the actual winegrowing community in the so-called Kellergasse and formed a typical picture. In front of the actual wine cellar was the press house, where, as the name suggests, pressing was carried out. The pressing house was connected to the cellar tube, the actual storage cellar, via the cellar neck. The dark cellar mould (also known as cellar cat) that often occurs in such cellars was or is desirable.
There is a vast number of sources on the web where one can acquire knowledge about wine. But none has the scope, timeliness and accuracy of the information in the encyclopaedia at wein.plus. I use it regularly and rely on it.Sigi Hiss
freier Autor und Weinberater (Fine, Vinum u.a.), Bad Krozingen