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The red grape variety originates from France. Synonyms are Bordelais Noir, Bouchalès, Bourdalès, Grand Vesparo, Grosse Mérille, Périgord and Picard. Despite seemingly suggestive synonyms or morphological similarities, it must not be confused with the varieties Bouchalès, Cot (synonym Grosse Mérille) or Milgranet (synonym Petit Mérille). According to DNA analyses carried out in 2009, there is a parent-offspring relationship with the Prunelard variety. The variety was first mentioned in 1783 and used to be widespread in south-western France. The medium-maturing, high-yielding vine yields light-coloured, simple red wines that are mainly used as blending partners. It is present in the wines of Fronton and Côtes du Tarn or GaillacI. In 2016, 42 hectares of vines were designated (Kym Anderson).

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