See under Ecology.
Science (Greek oikos = house, doctrine of the household, eco = environment) of the complex and reciprocal relationship of all living beings (humans, animals and plants) to their environment as a branch of biology (science of living nature and the laws governing the course of animal, plant and human life). In more comprehensive terms, ecology is the study of the overall balance of nature. The terms ecology and biology are often confused or equated and interpreted differently. A description of the difference is: organic means that no chemical cudgels were used in cultivation, and ecological means that in addition the environment was protected or even promoted .
Until the 1950s, it was common practice worldwide to use massive amounts of chemicals in the fight against pests, because little was known about the negative effects. Climate change also contributes to negative development. Today's conventional agrochemicals, with their extensive use of synthetic fertilisers and pesticides to combat pests such as insects, weeds and microorganisms, have come under increasing criticism since the 1980s and are considered incompatible with...
The glossary is a monumental achievement and one of the most important contributions to wine knowledge. Of all the encyclopaedias I use on the subject of wine, it is by far the most important. That was the case ten years ago and it hasn't changed since.Andreas Essl