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Biology (from the ancient Greek bíos = life, lógos = teaching) is the science of organisms (humans, animals, plants, fungi, microorganisms). It is a branch of the natural sciences and deals with both the general laws of life and the special characteristics of individual living organisms, such as development, structure and physical and biochemical processes.

Biologie - Darwein, Wespe, Traube, Blatt, Bakterie

The British natural scientist Charles Robert Darwin (1809-1882) heralded a turning point in the history of modern biology. His major work "On the Origin of Species" offers a scientific explanation for the diversity of life and the origin of species and forms the basis of modern evolutionary biology.


Within biology there are sub-disciplines that interact and complement each other. There are strong interactions, dependencies and also overlaps. Phenological events in grapevines, such as the flowering period, are often indicated by morphological characteristics such as flower structure and are influenced by physiological processes such as hormone production and depend on ecological conditions. The most important are:

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Andreas Essl

The glossary is a monumental achievement and one of the most important contributions to wine knowledge. Of all the encyclopaedias I use on the subject of wine, it is by far the most important. That was the case ten years ago and it hasn't changed since.

Andreas Essl
Autor, Modena

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,412 Keywords · 47,046 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,746 Pronunciations · 206,128 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon