You are using an old browser that may not function as expected.
For a better, safer browsing experience, please upgrade your browser.

Log in Become a Member

Échelle des crus

Designation (ladder of growths) for the classification of vineyards in the French wine-growing region of Champagne. In contrast to the Bordeaux or Burgundy classification, this does not apply to specific vineyards or sites, but to communes. This means that all vineyards located there are classified. It began in the 18th century, when individual sites were ranked according to quality in order to determine grape prices. It is said that the distance of the vineyard from the press house was the original decision criterion. The shorter the distance to the press after the grape harvest, the fresher the grapes and therefore the higher the classification. At the beginning of the 20th century, the Champagne houses exerted great pressure on the many small grape suppliers due to oversupply. In the process, the authorised buyers also used questionable practices, including intimidation and bribery, to achieve low prices. At that time, prices ranged from 50 to 100% and only 12 communes were awarded 100% Grand Cru status.

Voices of our members

Hans-Georg Schwarz

As honorary chairman of the Domäne Wachau, it is the easiest and quickest way for me to access the wein.plus encyclopaedia when I have questions. The certainty of receiving well-founded and up-to-date information here makes it an indispensable guide.

Hans-Georg Schwarz
Ehrenobmann der Domäne Wachau (Wachau)

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,408 Keywords · 47,043 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,742 Pronunciations · 205,461 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon