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Classification

classification (GB)
classification, classement (F)
clasificación (ES)
classificazione (I)
classificação (PO)
Classification into different quality classes for wine has existed since ancient times. This refers on the one hand to the product (wine), but also to the wine-growing regions and the producers. Very early on it was recognised that, in addition to the work of the winegrower, the soil and environmental conditions also have a great influence on the quality of the wine. Especially in France, the terroir or the origin has always been highly valued and defined in the Appellation d'Origine Protégée. The French classification systems are related to this; see Bordeaux Classification and Burgundy Classification

But also in Germany, official classifications of vineyards and sites were already carried out in Bavaria and Prussia in the 19th century. The best known is the Prussian vineyard site classification from 1868 and 1897, which were used as a basis for the VDP classification model adopted in 2006. Within the EU, a new wine market regulation became valid in 2009, in which a uniform, origin-oriented wine quality classification system was introduced for all member states (see Quality System)

For more information on this topic, see also Awards and Wine Evaluation. Complete lists of classification systems can be found under Grand Cru (wines) and Vineyards (sites).

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