French name (Lebenswasser) for fires, which is common in France and Luxembourg. These designations are protected in connection with the following raw materials and/or areas of origin. The basis for distillation is fruit, beer, cider (cider), wine or products resulting from the production of wine such as lees (yeast after fermentation) or marc (press residues). If only one type of fruit is used, it is mentioned, e.g. eau-de-vie de cherry (cherry), eau-de-vie de mirabelle (mirabelle plum) and eau-de-vie de poire (pear).
Other products or designations are eau-de-vie de bière (beer), eau-de-vie de lie(yeast brandy), or eau-de-vie de marc when a marc is made from a single grape variety. There are also protected designations of origin for brandy, such as eau-de-vie de cognac, eau-de-vie des Charentes, eau-de-vie de vin de Bourgogne, eau-de-vie de vin de Savoie, etc., to which the origin is added.