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The red grape variety is an interspecific new variety between American wild vines Aestivalis x Cinerea. Synonyms are Cunnigham, Long and Prince Edward. It contains genes from Vitis aestivalis and Vitis cinerea. The hybrid was crossed in 1812 by the private breeder J. Cunningham. It is assigned to the special American vine species Vitis bourquina. The variety was described by the German ampelographer Hermann Goethe (1837-1911) in his 1876 publication "The most important American vines which resist the phylloxera with special consideration of their usability in Germany and Austria-Hungary". The variety has a perfect resistance against phylloxera. In the past it was also cultivated on the Portuguese island of Madeira and used there for this dessert wine.

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