The Federal Research Institute for Cultivated Plants Julius Kühn-Institut (JKI) is a federal research institute and an independent higher federal authority based in Quedlinburg (Saxony-Anhalt, Germany). Named in honour of the agronomist and reformer of agricultural theory Julius Kühn (1825-1910), the institute was created in 2008 from a merger of the former Biological Federal Institute of Agriculture and Forestry, the Federal Institute for Breeding Research on Cultivated Plants and two institutes of the Federal Research Institute of Agriculture. The JKI is responsible for the protection goal of cultivated plants in its entirety. This responsibility covers the areas of plant genetics, plant production, plant nutrition and soil science as well as plant protection and plant health. There are several branch offices in Berlin, Bernkastel-Kues, Braunschweig, Darmstadt, Dossenheim, Dresden-Pillnitz, Elsdorf, Groß Lüsewitz, Kleinmachnow, Münster and Siebeldingen. The Institute for Grapevine Breeding Geilweilerhof in Siebeldingen (Pfalz) is responsible for the new breeding of grapevine varieties with resistance to pests and other stress factors. The international grape variety database VIVC is maintained here. See also a list under Viticulture Institutions.