The island (grch. Kerkyra) is with almost 650 km² the second largest of the Ionian Islands. It is the westernmost gateway of Greece at the entrance from the Ionian to the Adriatic Sea. Because of this exposed position, the island was a constant challenge for the conquering desires of the Greeks, Romans, Illyrians, Ottomans and Venetians. Not until Napoleon (1769-1821) Venice lost its rule and Corfu became first a French, then in the year 1815 a British protectorate, until it was united with the liberated Greece in the year 1864.
The island is dominated by two mountains that divide it into three parts. In the north there are small, fertile valleys where mainly red grape varieties are cultivated. The central part has lush vegetation, fertile plains and dense forests on the mountains. On the flat southern part, mainly white varieties are cultivated. The white wine varieties Kakotrygis, Kozanitis, Moscato Aspro(Muscat Blanc), Petrokoritho, Robola as well as the red wine varieties Mavrodaphne and Petrokoritho Mavro are cultivated on about 1,800 hectares of vineyards. There are no appellations classified as POP on the island. Well known producers are Karpo, Theotikis and Vasiliakis.