The French ruler Napoleon Bonaparte (1769-1821) was born in Ajaccio on the Mediterranean island of Corsica. He crowned himself emperor in 1804 in what he perceived to be the succession to Charlemagne (742-814). Apart from his public activities, a great deal is also known about his private life, for there exists a biography in several volumes which describes every day of his life in at least a few lines from the age of 20 onwards. It is well known from numerous anecdotes that he loved tobacco, women and wine, especially champagne. At least three wines are said to have been his favourites, or at least to have been enjoyed by him. The red wine (made from Pinot Noir) from the Burgundian appellation of Gevrey-Chambertin on the Côte de Nuits is mentioned most often, but he often diluted it with water. The second is the precursor of the white Pouilly-Fumé from the Sauvignon Blanc variety from the upper Loire. And the third is considered the precursor of the red Rossese di Dolceacqua from the Italian region of Liguria on the French border. He also had the best wines mostly mixed with water.