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A group of islands off the west coast of Greece in the eponymous Ionian Sea. The islands were colonised in the 9th century B.C. by the Ionian tribe, who were pushed off the mainland by war and gave the islands their name (see also Attica). Between 1386 and 1797, the islands were ruled by the city-state of Venice for four centuries, and this Italian influence is still noticeable today.

Griechenland - Landkarte, Flagge und Wappen

The mild climate and sufficient rainfall make the islands ideal for viticulture. There are many indigenous varieties such as Agiomavritiko, Areti, Asprouda, Avgoustiatis, Goustolidi, Katsakoulias, Korinthiaki, Pavlos (Malvasia Bianca Lunga), Robola, Skiadopoulo and Theiako Mavro. There are vineyards on Ithaca (where the legendary figure Odysseus was king), Kefallonia (the only one with a POP appellation), Corfu, Lefkada, Kythera, Paxos and Zakynthos. The vineyards cover 8,700 hectares. There are many other islands on the east coast of Greece; see Aegean.

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