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The Kingdom of Belgium (Dutch: België, French: Belgique) in Western Europe with its capital Brussels covers 30,688 km². It lies between the North Sea and the Ardennes and borders the Netherlands to the north, Germany and Luxembourg to the east and France to the south. The north of the country with the Flemish is a Dutch language area, the south with the Walloons a French language area. Standard German and West-Central German dialects are spoken in East Belgium. Together with the neighbouring state of Luxembourg and the Netherlands, the Benelux states are formed.

Belgien - Landkarte, Flagge und Wappen


Despite its minor economic importance, viticulture in Belgium has a long tradition. In the 9th century, under Emperor Charlemagne (742-814), monks cultivated vines in southern Belgium. There were vineyards along the Meuse (which was also an important transport route) around Antwerp, Brabant, Hainaut, Liège and Naumur. Even in the early Middle Ages, wines from Flanders (today the two provinces of East and West Flanders, the remaining part is in France) were highly valued and the centre of the northern European wine trade. In the 15th century, due to climatic changes in connection with the Little Ice Age and competition from Burgundy, viticulture was abandoned.

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Dominik Trick

The wein.plus encyclopaedia is a comprehensive, well-researched reference work. Available anytime and anywhere, it has become an indispensable part of teaching, used by students and myself alike. Highly recommended!

Dominik Trick
Technischer Lehrer, staatl. geprüfter Sommelier, Hotelfachschule Heidelberg

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,385 Keywords · 46,991 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,719 Pronunciations · 202,830 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon