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After the death of Pippin III the Short (714-768), his sons Karlmann (751-771) and Karl (747/748-814) shared the throne. After the early death of his brother, Charles became sole ruler of the Frankish Empire in 771. In numerous battles, he extended his empire, the largest since the Roman Empire, over what is now France, Belgium, Germany, Austria and Switzerland and laid the foundations for a Christian West. At Christmas 800, he was crowned Roman Emperor by Pope Leo III (750-816) in Rome.

Karl der Große - Karte Expansion des Frankenreiches - Gemälde von A. Dürer

Capitulare de villis

In addition to trade, commerce and agriculture, he promoted cultural development and the sciences and also created a comprehensive legal system, including wine legislation. He also promoted viticulture through numerous laws and donations of vineyards, as evidenced by numerous documents, mostly to Roman Catholic monasteries and orders in well over 50 places. In the "Capitulare de villis vel curtis imperii Caroli Magni" (landed estate ordinance on the administration of crown estates) issued by him and recorded in 812, the three-field cultivation, fruit care, livestock breeding and viticulture are regulated, among other things.

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Prof. Dr. Walter Kutscher

In the past, you needed a wealth of encyclopaedias and specialist literature to keep up to date in your vinophile professional life. Today, Wine lexicon from wein.plus is one of my best helpers and can rightly be called the "bible of wine knowledge".

Prof. Dr. Walter Kutscher
Lehrgangsleiter Sommelierausbildung WIFI-Wien

The world's largest Lexicon of wine terms.

26,412 Keywords · 47,046 Synonyms · 5,323 Translations · 31,746 Pronunciations · 206,128 Cross-references
made with by our author Norbert F. J. Tischelmayer. About the Lexicon